Prior knowledge supports information processing by enabling easier access between short-term and long-term memory storage, by increasing processing efficiency through long-term working memory

Miller LMS, Gee PM & Katz RA. The Importance of Understanding COVID-19: The Role of Knowledge in Promoting Adherence to Protective Behaviors. Frontiers in Public Health. in press.
Miller LMS & Cassady DL. Review of the Literature on the Effects of Nutrition Knowledge on Food Label Use: A Review of the Literature. Appetite. 2015 92, 207–216. doi:
Miller LMS, Zirnstein M, & Chan P. Prior knowledge reduces age-related memory errors on nutrition education task. Journal of Health Psychology. 2013 18(9), 1141-1152. doi: 0.1177/1359105312459896.
Miller LMS & Cassady DL.  Making Healthy Food Choices Using Nutrition Facts Panels:  The roles of knowledge, motivation, dietary modification goals, and age. Appetite. 2012 59(1), 129–139.  doi:10.1016/j.appet.2012.04.009.
Miller LMS, Gibson TN, Applegate E & de Dios J.  Mechanisms underlying comprehension of health information in adulthood:  The roles of prior knowledge and working memory capacity.  Journal of Health Psychology. 2011 16(5), 794-806. doi: 10.1177/ 1359105310392090.
Miller LMS. Age differences in the effects of domain knowledge on reading efficiency. Psychol Aging. 2009 Mar;24(1):63-74. PubMed PMID: 19290738; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2788560.
Miller LMS, Cohen JA, Wingfield A. Contextual knowledge reduces demands on working memory during reading. Mem Cognit. 2006 Sep;34(6):1355-67. PubMed PMID: 17225514; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2812925.
Miller LMS. The effects of age and domain knowledge on text processing. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2003 Jul;58(4):P217-23. PubMed PMID: 12878649; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2792698.
Miller LMS, Stine-Morrow EA. Aging and the effects of knowledge on on-line reading strategies. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1998 Jul;53(4):P223-33. PubMed PMID: 9679514.